Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Immunol. 2006 Jun 15;176(12):7385-93.

A membrane form of TNF-alpha presented by exosomes delays T cell activation-induced cell death.

Author information

Division of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294, USA. Huang-Ge.Zhang@ccc.uab

Erratum in

  • J Immunol. 2006 Aug 1;177(3):2025. Su, Kaihun [corrected to Su, Kaihong].


In common with many other cell types, synovial fibroblasts produce exosomes. In this study, we show that the exosomes produced by synovial fibroblasts obtained from individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (RASF), but not exosomes produced by synovial fibroblasts obtained from individuals with osteoarthritis, contain a membrane bound form of TNF-alpha as demonstrated by colloidal gold immunostaining of TNF-alpha and confirmed by both Western blot and mass spectrometry. The RASF-derived exosomes, but not exosomes derived from fibroblasts obtained from individuals with osteoarthritis, are cytotoxic for the L929 cell, a TNF-alpha-sensitive cell line, and stimulate activation of NF-kappaB and induction of collagenase-1 in RASF. These effects are blocked by addition of soluble TNFR1 (sTNFbp), suggesting that a TNF-alpha-signaling pathway mediates these biological activities. sTNFbp also reduced the production of exosomes by RASF, suggesting the interruption of a positive amplification loop. Exosomes can transmit signals between cells, and RASF exosomes, effectively taken up by anti-CD3-activated T cells, activated AKT and NF-kappaB and rendered these activated T cells resistant to apoptosis. Neutralization of exosomal membrane TNF-alpha by sTNFbp partially reversed this resistance, suggesting that not only TNF-alpha but also additional exosomal proteins may contribute to the development of apoptosis resistance.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center