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Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2006 Jul 1;65(3):851-8.

ErbB receptor tyrosine kinase network inhibition radiosensitizes carcinoma cells.

Author information

1
Department of Radiation Oncology, Medical College of Virginia/Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond VA, USA. jcontess@med.umich.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-CD533, a truncation mutant of the wild-type EGFR, radiosensitizes carcinoma and malignant glioma cell lines. This deletion mutant disrupts EGFR activation and downstream signaling through the formation of inhibitory dimerizations. In this study, the effects of EGFR-CD533 on other ErbB receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) family members were quantified to better understand the mechanism of EGFR-CD533-mediated radiosensitization.

METHODS AND MATERIALS:

Breast carcinoma cell lines with different ErbB RTK expression profiles were transduced with EGFR or ErbB2 deletion mutants (EGFR-CD533 and ErbB2-CD572) using an adenoviral vector. ErbB RTK activation, mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) and phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/p70S6K signaling, and clonogenic survival were determined for expression of each deletion mutant.

RESULTS:

EGFR-CD533 radiosensitizes carcinoma cells with either high EGFR expression (MDA-MB231) or low EGFR expression (T47D) through significant blockade of the ErbB RTK network. Analysis of clonogenic survival demonstrate significant enhancement of the alpha/beta ratios, as determined by the linear-quadratic model. Split-dose survival experiments confirm that EGFR-CD533 reduces the repair of cellular damage after ionizing radiation.

CONCLUSION:

Expression of EGFR-CD533 inhibits the ErbB RTK network and radiosensitizes carcinoma cells irrespective of the ErbB RTK expression patterns, and ErbB2-CD572 does not radiosensitize cells with low EGFR expression. These studies demonstrate that the mechanism of action for EGFR-CD533-mediated radiosensitization is inhibition of the ErbB RTK network, and is an advantage for radiosensitizing multiple malignant cell types.

PMID:
16751066
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijrobp.2006.02.025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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