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Am J Med. 2006 Jun;119(6):526.e19-25.

Fluoroquinolone-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa: assessment of risk factors and clinical impact.

Author information

1
Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Penn 19104-6021, USA. leanne.gasink@uphs.upenn.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections have been associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Fluoroquinolones (FQ) are the only oral therapy available for P. aeruginosa infections, but resistance is increasingly prevalent.

METHODS:

We examined annual trends in FQ-resistant P. aeruginosa (FQRPA) from 1991 to 2000. Subsequently, inpatients with a clinical culture positive for P. aeruginosa between January 1, 1999 and December 31, 2000 were included in a case control study to identify risk factors for FQ resistance and a cohort study to examine the impact of FQ resistance on outcomes in P. aeruginosa.

RESULTS:

Annual prevalence of FQRPA increased from 15% in 1991 to 41% in 2000 (P <0.001 trend). Between 1999 and 2000, 332 P. aeruginosa isolates were FQ resistant and 540 were FQ susceptible. Prior FQ use was the only independent risk factor for FQRPA (adjusted OR = 3.43; 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.37, 4.96). Subjects with FQRPA had greater median hospital charges (62,325 dollars vs 48,734 dollars) (P =.007) and higher mortality (47.5% vs 35.5%) (P =.004). However, in a multivariate model, only imipenem resistance of the isolate was significantly associated with mortality. FQ resistance was not an independent risk factor.

CONCLUSIONS:

FQRPA has increased significantly and is associated with prior FQ use. Limiting FQ use may curb the emergence of resistance among P. aeruginosa. FQRPA is associated with increased hospital charges, but other resistance patterns may have a more significant impact on mortality.

PMID:
16750968
DOI:
10.1016/j.amjmed.2005.11.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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