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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006 Jun 6;47(11):2296-302.

Effect of caffeine on ischemia detection by adenosine single-photon emission computed tomography perfusion imaging.

Author information

1
Division of Cardiovascular Disease, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 , USA. gzoghbi@uab.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose of this research was to study the effect of one cup of coffee taken 1 h before adenosine stress on the results of myocardial perfusion imaging.

BACKGROUND:

Caffeine is believed to attenuate the coronary hyperemic response to adenosine by competitive blockade of the A2a receptor. Caffeine is commonly withheld before adenosine single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) perfusion imaging so as not to mask ischemia detection.

METHODS:

We studied the effect of one 8-oz cup of coffee taken 1 h before adenosine stress in patients who had demonstrable reversible defects on adenosine SPECT perfusion imaging performed while off caffeine.

RESULTS:

There were 22 men and 8 women, age 64 +/- 9 years. The blood level of caffeine 1 h after intake was 3.1 +/- 1.6 mg/l. There were two patients with ST-segment depression before and one after caffeine intake (p = NS). The summed stress score (SSS) based on 17 segments (scale of 0 to 3, 3 being normal) was 44 +/- 5 before and 45 +/- 5 after caffeine (p = NS). The summed difference score was 3.8 +/- 1.9 before and. 3.9 +/- 2.3 after caffeine (p = NS), reflecting that around 50% of the perfusion abnormality was reversible before and after caffeine. Using polar maps, the perfusion abnormality was 12 +/- 10% at baseline and 12 +/- 10% after caffeine (p = NS) in agreement with SSS. The left ventricular ejection fraction by gated SPECT was 50 +/- 13% at baseline and 51 +/- 13 % after caffeine (p = NS).

CONCLUSIONS:

A cup of coffee does not mask the presence or severity of reversible defects induced by adenosine SPECT imaging.

Comment in

PMID:
16750699
DOI:
10.1016/j.jacc.2005.11.088
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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