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Addict Behav. 2007 Feb;32(2):377-83. Epub 2006 Jun 5.

Risk denial about smoking hazards and readiness to quit among French smokers: an exploratory study.

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Centre for Disease Control of South-Eastern France, 23 rue Stanislas Torrents, 13006 Marseilles, France.


In most developed countries, a significant part of the population is still smoking despite comprehensive tobacco control policies. Among other reasons, many smokers may endorse self-exempting beliefs that help them to deny the smoking hazards for themselves. We investigated the relationship between smokers' risk denial and their readiness to quit making use of a French cross-sectional survey conducted in the Paris Ile-de-France Region (N=939 smokers). Self-exempting beliefs were quite widespread among participants and two of them were significant predictors of a low readiness to quit: considering that one's cigarette consumption is too low to be harmful and believing that one's way of smoking can protect from smoking-related diseases. Future tobacco control messages and interventions should specifically address these self-exempting beliefs that reduce smokers' cognitive dissonance and then inhibit their willingness to quit.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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