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Biochem J. 1965 Oct;97(1):284-97.

Changes in the enzyme activities of Saccharomyces cerevisiae during aerobic growth on different carbon sources.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, University of Sheffield.

Abstract

1. The activities of the enzymes of the citric acid cycle, the glyoxylate by-pass and some other enzymes acting on the substrates of these cycles have been measured at the pH of the yeast cell during the aerobic growth of yeast on different carbon sources and in different growth media. 2. Sugars induced an anaerobic type of metabolism as measured by ethanol production. Glucose was much more effective in inducing the anaerobic pathways than was galactose. The production of ethanol by cells grown on pyruvate was very small. 3. Glucose was also a more effective repressor than was galactose of the citric acid-cycle enzymes but both were equally effective in repressing almost completely the enzymes of the glyoxylate by-pass. 4. Disappearance of the sugars from the growth medium resulted in an increase in the activities of the enzymes of the citric acid cycle and in the appearance of substantial activities of the enzymes of the glyoxylate cycle. By contrast, the activities of purely biosynthetic enzymes (glutamate-oxaloacetate transaminase, NADP(+)-linked glutamate dehydrogenase) and of pyruvate decarboxylase were decreased. 5. The 2-oxoglutarate-oxidase system was found to be the least active enzyme of the citric acid cycle. 6. The regulatory control at the levels of pyruvate and acetaldehyde and the control of the citric acid cycle are discussed.

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