Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Immunology. 1991 Apr;72(4):520-5.

Expression of vascular addressins and ICAM-1 by endothelial cells in the spinal cord during chronic relapsing experimental allergic encephalomyelitis in the Biozzi AB/H mouse.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, Royal College of Surgeons of England, London.

Abstract

The expression of adhesion molecules on central nervous system (CNS) endothelia was examined during chronic relapsing experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (CREAE) in the Biozzi AB/H mouse. Active disease episodes (acute and relapse) were associated with the up-regulation of MALA-2, the murine homologue of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), on CNS endothelia and the infiltration of ICAM-1-positive mononuclear cells. In addition, the high endothelial venule (HEV)-associated MECA-325 antigen was evident in perivascular lesions, particularly in relapsing disease. The peripheral lymph node HEV-associated vascular addressin defined by MECA-79 antibody was not detectable in the CNS during CREAE. However, the mucosal HEV addressin was evident in lesions, which ultrastructurally was found to be expressed on the surface of endothelial cells by immunoelectron microscopy. The expression of adhesion molecules, such as ICAM-1, may provide a means by which both the initial neuroantigen-specific and the subsequent antigen-non specific cells extravasate into the CNS. Such infiltration may induce the expression of the vascular addressins which may then provide a means of site-selective cellular recruitment leading to disease progression.

PMID:
1674735
PMCID:
PMC1384371
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center