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J Mol Med (Berl). 2006 Aug;84(8):635-46. Epub 2006 Jun 2.

Modulation of Hsp90 function in neurodegenerative disorders: a molecular-targeted therapy against disease-causing protein.

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1
Department of Neurology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, 466-8550 Nagoya, Japan.

Abstract

Abnormal accumulation of disease-causing protein is a commonly observed characteristic in chronic neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and polyglutamine (polyQ) diseases. A therapeutic approach that could selectively eliminate would be a promising remedy for neurodegenerative disorders. Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA), one of the polyQ diseases, is a late-onset motor neuron disease characterized by proximal muscle atrophy, weakness, contraction fasciculations, and bulbar involvement. The pathogenic gene product is polyQ-expanded androgen receptor (AR), which belongs to the heat shock protein (Hsp) 90 client protein family. 17-Allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG), a novel Hsp90 inhibitor, is a new derivative of geldanamycin that shares its important biological activities but shows less toxicity. 17-AAG is now in phase II clinical trials as a potential anti-cancer agent because of its ability to selectively degrade several oncoproteins. We have recently demonstrated the efficacy and safety of 17-AAG in a mouse model of SBMA. The administration of 17-AAG significantly ameliorated polyQ-mediated motor neuron degeneration by reducing the total amount of mutant AR. 17-AAG accomplished the preferential reduction of mutant AR mainly through Hsp90 chaperone complex formation and subsequent proteasome-dependent degradation. 17-AAG induced Hsp70 and Hsp40 in vivo as previously reported; however, its ability to induce HSPs was limited, suggesting that the HSP induction might support the degradation of mutant protein. The ability of 17-AAG to preferentially degrade mutant protein would be directly applicable to SBMA and other neurodegenerative diseases in which the disease-causing proteins also belong to the Hsp90 client protein family. Our proposed therapeutic approach, modulation of Hsp90 function by 17-AAG treatment, has emerged as a candidate for molecular-targeted therapies for neurodegenerative diseases. This review will consider our research findings and discuss the possibility of a clinical application of 17-AAG to SBMA and other neurodegenerative diseases.

PMID:
16741751
DOI:
10.1007/s00109-006-0066-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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