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J Proteome Res. 2006 Jun;5(6):1469-78.

Characterization of the human salivary proteome by capillary isoelectric focusing/nanoreversed-phase liquid chromatography coupled with ESI-tandem MS.

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Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA.


Saliva is a readily available body fluid with great diagnostic potential. The foundation for saliva-based diagnostics, however, is the development of a complete catalog of secreted and "leaked" proteins detectable in saliva. By employing a capillary isoelectric focusing-based multidimensional separation platform coupled with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (MS), a total of 5338 distinct peptides were sequenced, leading to the identification of 1381 distinct proteins. A search of bacterial protein sequences also identified many peptides unique to several organisms and unique to the NCBI nonredundant database. To the best of our knowledge, this proteome study represents the largest catalog of proteins measured from a single saliva sample to date. Data analysis was performed on individual MS/MS spectra using the highly specific peptide identification algorithm, OMSSA. Searches were conducted against a decoyed SwissProt human database to control the false-positive rate at 1%. Furthermore, the well-curated SwissProt sequences represent perhaps the least redundant human protein sequence database (12,484 records versus the 50,009 records found in the International Protein Index human database), therefore minimizing multiple protein inferences from single peptides. This combined bioanalytical and bioinformatic approach has established a solid foundation for building up the human salivary proteome for the realization of the diagnostic potential of saliva.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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