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J Paediatr Child Health. 2006 Jun;42(6):341-4.

Musculoskeletal findings in obese children.

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1
Rheumatology Division, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Abstract

AIM:

A cross-sectional study was conducted to explore osteoarticular alterations in obese children.

METHODS:

Twenty-five boys and 24 girls (mean age: 10.8+/-2.07 years) with a body mass index (BMI) above the 95th percentile were compared with 28 boys and 19 girls (controls, mean age: 10.4+/-2.3 years) with a BMI below the 80th percentile.

RESULTS:

A higher frequency of at least one osteoarticular manifestation was observed in obese patients (55%) compared with the control group (23%) (P=0.001). A statistically significant association was also found between obesity and lower back pain, genu valgum, genu recurvatum and tight quadriceps. Fibromyalgia tender points (=11) were present at similar frequency in both groups (obese: 3/38 (9%) vs. control: 1/48 (2%)).

CONCLUSION:

The present data suggest that obesity has a negative impact on osteoarticular health by promoting biomechanical changes in the lumbar spine and lower extremities.

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