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Blood. 2006 Sep 15;108(6):2121-3. Epub 2006 May 30.

Short-term repopulating cells with myeloid potential in human mobilized peripheral blood do not have a side population (SP) phenotype.

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Department of Internal Medicine I, Albert-Ludwigs-University, Freiburg, Germany.


Clinical use of purified hematopoietic stem cells in myeloablated patients requires cotransplantation of short-term repopulating cells (STRCs) to ensure timely count recovery. Here, we investigated the flow fluorescence-based side population (SP) phenotype of mobilized human peripheral blood (mPB) cells that rapidly repopulate the highly permissive nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficient (NOD/SCID)-beta2 microglobulin(-)/- mouse. No SP cells from this source regenerated detectable progeny in these mice before 8 weeks, although by 12 weeks human B-lymphoid cells were seen in some recipients of SP mPB cells. All myeloid reconstituting activity, including that seen within 3 weeks after transplantation, was associated with the non-SP fraction. Isolation of SP cells depletes human mPB of the rapid myeloid reconstitution capacity provided by myeloid-restricted STRCs which are vital for early hematologic recovery in clinical transplant recipients.

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