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J Antimicrob Chemother. 2006 Jul;58(1):190-2. Epub 2006 May 30.

Enhancement of erythrosine-mediated photodynamic therapy of Streptococcus mutans biofilms by light fractionation.

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Division of Oral Biology, Leeds Dental Institute, University of Leeds, Clarendon Way Leeds LS2 9LU, UK.



We aimed to increase the bacterial cell killing efficacy of erythrosine-mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT) of Streptococcus mutans biofilms by fractionating the delivered light dose into a series of shorter pulses.


S. mutans biofilms of 200 microm thickness were grown in a constant-depth film fermenter (CDFF). Biofilms were incubated with 22 microM erythrosine before being irradiated with white light for increasing periods of time. We also used light dose fractionation to deliver the same overall dose of light in a series of shorter pulses separated by dark periods. Bacterial cell killing as a result of each killing protocol was quantified by colony counting.


A 2 log10 of bacterial cell killing was achieved with 5 min of continuous white light irradiation. For time periods longer than 5 min the amount of killing increased more slowly, which was probably due to photobleaching of the erythrosine. Fractionation of the light dose into 5 x 1 min doses separated by dark recovery periods of 5 min increased the amount of bacterial killing by 1 log10 compared with 5 min continuous irradiation. Further fractionation of the light dose into 10x 30 s doses separated by 2 min recovery periods resulted in 3.7 log10 of cell kill, an improvement of 1.7 log10 compared with the continuous irradiation protocol.


Erythrosine-mediated PDT of S. mutans biofilms can be further enhanced by fractionation of the applied light dose.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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