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Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2007 Feb;59(2):261-8. Epub 2006 May 30.

A phase I, pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic dose escalation trial of weekly paclitaxel with interferon-alpha2b in patients with solid tumors.

Author information

1
Division of Hematology-Oncology, Department of Medicine, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Paclitaxel and interferon have demonstrated anti-angiogenic activity in vitro and in vivo. The toxicity, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of paclitaxel with interferon-alpha2b (IFN-alpha2b) were assessed in patients with solid tumors to assess the feasibility of this novel anti-angiogenic regimen.

METHODS:

IFN-alpha2b (1 million units) was administered twice daily by subcutaneous injection. Paclitaxel was given weekly over 1 h starting at 30 mg/m2 and increased to 50 mg/m2. Cycles were repeated every 4 weeks.

RESULTS:

Nineteen patients with a variety of solid tumors were enrolled. Dose-limiting toxicity in cycle 1 was observed at 50 mg/m2. Eleven patients were treated at 40 mg/m2 with no undue toxicity. Pharmacokinetic parameter comparison studies were completed in 11 patients who received days 1 and 29 paclitaxel. Mean paclitaxel clearance and area under the curve (0-infinity) were not statistically different from days 1 to 29. There was a 50% increase in the average Cmax from days 1 to 29. There was also a 73% decrease of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) levels in these 11 patients from days 1 to 29 (p < 0.0005). All three patients with cutaneous angiosarcomas experienced clinically meaningful remissions. In addition, minor responses were observed in one patient with heavily pretreated ovarian cancer and another with adrenocortical carcinoma.

CONCLUSION:

This trial details the inability to dose escalate to the maximum tolerated dose of weekly paclitaxel when combined with low-dose interferon. However, this low-dose regimen caused a significant decrease in MMP-9 and demonstrated anti-cancer activity in cutaneous angiosarcomas.

PMID:
16733646
DOI:
10.1007/s00280-006-0264-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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