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Virus Genes. 2006 Jun;32(3):249-59.

Evolution of 2B and 2C genomic parts of species B Coxsackie viruses. Phylogenetic study and comparison with other regions.

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1
Department of Cell Biology and Biophysics, Faculty of Biology, University of Athens, Panepistimioupolis, Athens, Greece. eugeniabolanaki@yahoo.com

Abstract

Modern molecular approaches on the genome of enteroviruses' circulating strains have established new data about the mechanism and significance of its evolution. In the present study, 46 enteroviruses isolates, belonging to HEV-B species and exhibiting distinct origin in geographical or chronological terms, were investigated concerning their primary structure and phylogeny. Two regions of the aforementioned strains genome, which have not been thoroughly investigated (2B and 5' extreme of 2C) were amplified and sequenced for the first time. Phylogenetic and nucleotide analysis of the isolates' fragments, along with representative prototype sequences, demonstrate that the classification scheme of monophyly and accordance with the genotype, which characterizes VP1 region, is seriously disturbed. Moreover, the phylogenetic trees constructed from adjacent regions of the genome appear radically incongruent suggesting that the parameters that affect these portions are different or act in a different extent. Our study results an additional step in the study of enteroviruses evolution and inheritance, by investigating unstudied regions of newly sequenced strains and revealing that the primary structure and phylogeny of them is different not only comparably to the structural genome but also from one to another.

PMID:
16732477
DOI:
10.1007/s11262-005-6909-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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