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Vaccine. 2006 Jul 17;24(29-30):5734-43. Epub 2006 May 4.

A recombinant chimera composed of R1 repeat region of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae P97 adhesin with Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin B subunit elicits immune response in mice.

Author information

1
Centro de Biotecnologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, CP 354, 96010-900 Pelotas, RS, Brazil. frochedo@ufpel.tche.br

Abstract

Swine mycoplasmal pneumonia (SMP), caused by fastidious bacterium Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae, is the most important respiratory disease in swine breeding. The commonly used vaccines to control this disease consist of inactivated whole cells (bacterins), whose production cost is high and the efficiency is limited. The objective of this study was to develop and to evaluate in BALB/c mice a recombinant subunit vaccine (rLTBR1) containing the R1 region of P97 adhesin of M. hyopneumoniae (R1) fused to the B subunit of the heat-labile enterotoxin of Escherichia coli (LTB). rLTBR1 formed functional oligomers that presented high affinity to GM1 ganglioside. Mice inoculated with rLTBR1 by intranasal (IN) or intramuscular (IM) route produced high levels of anti-R1 systemic and mucosal antibodies (IgA), which recognized the native P97. On the other hand, mice inoculated with the inactivated whole cell vaccine did not produce anti-R1 antibodies. The administration route influenced the modulation of the immune response by LTB, showing that IM rLTBR1 induced Th2-biased immune responses and IN rLTBR1 induced Th1-biased immune responses. rLTBR1 administrated by IN route also induced IFN-gamma secretion by lymphocytes. rLTBR1 may constitute a new strategy for preventing infection by M. hyopneumoniae and may have potential for developing vaccines against other infectious diseases as well.

PMID:
16730864
DOI:
10.1016/j.vaccine.2006.04.036
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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