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J Biotechnol. 2006 Nov 1;126(2):230-6. Epub 2006 May 30.

Transduction of NeuroD2 protein induced neural cell differentiation.

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Department of Biological Information, Graduate School of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatuta, Yokohama, Kanagawa 226-8501, Japan.


NeuroD2, one of the neurospecific basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors, has the ability to induce neural differentiation in undifferentiated cells. In this paper, we show that transduction of NeuroD2 protein induced mouse neuroblastoma cell line N1E-115 into neural differentiation. NeuroD2 has two basic-rich domains, one is nuclear localization signal (NLS) and the other is basic region of basic helix-loop-helix (basic). We constructed some mutants of NeuroD2, ND2(Delta100-115) (lack of NLS), ND2(Delta123-134) (lack of basic) and ND2(Delta100-134) (lack of both NLS and basic) for transduction experiments. Using these proteins, we have shown that NLS region of NeuroD2 plays a role of protein transduction. Continuous addition of NeuroD2 protein resulted in N1E-115 cells adopting neural morphology after 4 days and Tau mRNA expression was increased. These results suggest that neural differentiation can be induced by direct addition of NeuroD2 protein.

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