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Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2006 Nov;32(5):484-90. Epub 2006 May 26.

Early and five-year amputation and survival rate of diabetic patients with critical limb ischemia: data of a cohort study of 564 patients.

Author information

1
Diabetology Centre-Diabetic Foot Centre, Policlinico Multimedica, Sesto San Giovanni (Milano), Italy. ezio.faglia@multimedica.it

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the early and late major amputation and survival rates and related risk factors in diabetic patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI).

DESIGN:

Retrospective study.

METHODS:

Revascularization feasibility, major amputation, survival rate and related risk factors were recorded in 564 diabetic patients consecutively hospitalized for CLI from 1999 to 2003 and followed until June 2005.

RESULTS:

Peripheral angioplasty (PTA) was carried out in 420 (74.5%), bypass graft (BPG) in 117 (20.7%) patients. In 27 (4.8%) patients both PTA and BPG were not possible. Twenty-three above-the-ankle amputations (4.1%) were performed at 30 days: 6 in PTA patients, 3 in BPG patients, 14 in non revascularized patients. In the follow-up of 558 patients (98.9%), 62 repeated PTAs and 9 new BPGs, 32 new major amputations (16 in PTA patients, 14 in BPG patients and 2 in non-revascularized patients) were performed. Major amputation was associated with absence of revascularization (OR 35.9, p < 0.001, CI 12.9-99.7), occlusion of each of the three crural arteries (OR 8.20, p = 0.022, CI 1.35-49.6), wound infection (OR 2.1, p = 0.004 CI 1.3-3.6), dialysis (OR 4.7, p = 0.001 CI 1.9-11.7) increase in TcPO2 after revascularization (OR 0.80, p < 0.001 CI 0.74-0.87). One hundred seventy three patients died during follow-up and this was associated with age (HR 1.05, p < 0.001 CI 1.03-1.07), history of cardiac disease (HR 2.16, p < 0.001 CI 1.53-3.06), dialysis (HR 3.52, p < 0.001 CI 2.08-5.97), absence of revascularization (HR 1.68, p < 0.001, CI 1.29-2.19) and impaired ejection fraction (HR 1.08, p < 0.001, CI 1.05-1.09).

CONCLUSIONS:

In diabetic patients with CLI the revascularization is feasible in most cases and allows a low rate of early major amputation. This rate is higher in the follow-up period. Major amputation is very high in patients where revascularization is not feasible while the high mortality rate is due to the serious comorbidities observed in these patients.

PMID:
16730466
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejvs.2006.03.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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