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Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2006 Oct;291(4):R959-69. Epub 2006 May 25.

A3 adenosine receptor activation decreases mortality and renal and hepatic injury in murine septic peritonitis.

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Department of Anesthesiology, Anesthesiology Research Laboratories, Columbia University, P&S Box 46 (PH-5 630 West 168th St., New York, NY 10032-3784, USA.


The role of A3 adenosine receptors (ARs) in sepsis and inflammation is controversial. In this study, we determined the effects of A3AR modulation on mortality and hepatic and renal dysfunction in a murine model of sepsis. To induce sepsis, congenic A3AR knockout mice (A3AR KO) and wild-type control (A3AR WT) mice were subjected to cecal ligation and double puncture (CLP). A3AR KO mice had significantly worse 7-day survival compared with A3AR WT mice. A3AR KO mice also demonstrated significantly higher elevations in plasma creatinine, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, keratinocyte-derived chemokine, and TNF-alpha 24 h after induction of sepsis compared with A3AR WT mice. Renal cortices from septic A3AR KO mice exhibited increased mRNA encoding proinflammatory cytokines and enhanced nuclear translocation of NF-kB compared with samples from A3AR WT mice. A3AR WT mice treated with N6-(3-iodobenzyl)ADO-5'N-methyluronamide (IB-MECA; a selective A3AR agonist) or 3-ethyl-5-benzyl-2-methyl-4-phenylethynyl-6-phenyl-1,4-(+/-)-dihydropyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate (MRS-1191; a selective A3AR antagonist) had improved or worsened 7-day survival after induction of sepsis, respectively. Moreover, A3AR WT mice treated with IB-MECA or MRS-1191 showed acutely improved or worsened, respectively, renal and hepatic function following CLP. IB-MECA significantly reduced mortality in mice lacking the A1AR or A2aAR but not the A3AR, demonstrating specificity of IB-MECA in activating A3ARs and mediating protection against sepsis-induced mortality. We conclude that endogenous or exogenous A3AR activation confers significant protection from murine septic peritonitis primarily by attenuating the hyperacute inflammatory response in sepsis.

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