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Theriogenology. 1997 Apr 1;47(5):1093-101.

Effects of equex STM paste on viability of frozen-thawed dog spermatozoa during in vitro incubation at 38 degrees C.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7039, 75007 Uppsala, Sweden.


In the canine, artificial insemination with cryopreserved semen generally yields lower pregnancy rates with vaginal deposition than with uterine deposition, one of the reasons being the shortened life span of frozen-thawed spermatozoa. The incubation of spermatozoa at body temperature partially mimics the situation in vivo, and evaluation of the kinetics of viability loss under these conditions can be used to measure the damage caused by freezing and thawing procedures. In this study, 2 aliquots were separated from split ejaculates collected from 7 dogs and were frozen by lowering the straws, in 3 steps, into an LN(2) tank after dilution with egg yolk Tris-citrate-glucose extender with or without the addition of 0.5% Equex STM paste. Motility and plasma membrane integrity (evaluated with the combined fluorescent probes 6-carboxyfluorescein diacetate and propidium iodide) were assessed immediately after thawing and over the next 3 h at 38 degrees C. The addition of Equex STM paste significantly increased the proportion of spermatozoa having an intact plasmalemma immediately after thawing compared with the control. It also increased the longevity of the thawed spermatozoa, prolonging the maintenance of both motility and plasma membrane integrity.

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