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Theriogenology. 1997 Mar;47(4):785-93.

In vitro fertilization of porcine oocytes with fresh and frozen-thawed ejaculated or frozen-thawed epididymal semen obtained from identical boars.

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1
Institut für Tierzucht und Tierverhalten, Mariensee, (FAL), 31535 Neustadt, Germany.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to compare the in vitro fertilizing capacity of porcine spermatozoa from fresh and frozen-thawed semen and frozen-thawed epididymal spermatozoa obtained from identical boars. Prior to IVF, fresh spermatozoa were capacitated in TCM 199. Frozen semen samples were stored in 0.25-ml plastic straws using a lactose/glycerol/orvus-es-paste extender. Cumulus-oocyte-complexes (COC) obtained from superovulated prepuberal gilts were fertilized in vitro within 2 h after aspiration with one of the semen samples. After final dilution for IVF, frozen-thawed epididymal semen samples showed motility rates (72.2 +/- 5.6%) similar to those of spermatozoa in fresh semen (76.4 +/- 4.5%), while sperm motility decreased in frozen-thawed ejaculated semen (40.2 +/- 9.4%). Considerable individual differences in sperm motility between boars were observed for ejaculated semen but not for epididymal semen. Enhanced fertilizing capacity of frozen-thawed epididymal spermatozoa was confirmed by pronucleus formation and cleavage rates, with significantly more embryos developing to the 2- and 4-cell stages compared with the groups fertilized with fresh or with frozen-thawed ejaculated semen (59.7 vs 14.6 and 16%). In conclusion, consistent in vitro fertilization rates with minimal semen variability are obtained using frozen-thawed epididymal semen. Following a modified freezing protocol, epididymal spermatozoa can easily be frozen in small containers for IVF, with higher resultant motility and fertilization rates than with ejaculated semen.

PMID:
16728028

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