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Theriogenology. 1988;30(5):843-54.

Cervical versus intrauterine insemination of ewes using fresh or frozen semen diluted with aloe vera gel.

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Department of Animal and Range Sciences, College of Agriculture and Home Economics, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA.


This study was conducted at Belen de Escobar, Argentina, in March and April 1987. Experimental work on synchronization of estrus, deep-freeze conservation of ram semen and small fertility trials involving cervical and intrauterine (i.u.) insemination methods was undertaken. A total of 80 Corriedale ewes were used in seven insemination trials. Insemination trials were grouped into two experimental groups for comparison of 1) frozen semen diluted with an experimental extender and a control diluent inseminated cervically or i.u. in synchronized/superovulated ewes and 2) cervical insemination of fresh diluted or frozen semen in ewes inseminated at natural estrus or in ewes that were synchronized/superovulated. An overall ovulation rate of 8.7 +/- 0.5 was obtained by using a superovulatory regimen consisting of 3 mg Norgestomet implants and a total dose of 18 mg follicle stimulating hormone-pituitary (FSH-P). Numbers of ova recovered per ewe following superovulation ranged from 4.3 to 5.4. In experimental Group I, fertilization rates improved when laparoscopic intrauterine AI was used compared with cervical insemination (P<0.05). Fertility rates of i.u. and cervical insemination of frozen semen diluted with the experimental extender showed satisfactory fertilizing capacity. In experimental Group II, a lower number of fertilized ova were recovered from ewes inseminated with frozen semen (P<0.02), irrespective of their estrus manipulation.


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