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Theriogenology. 1988 Aug;30(2):245-55.

Dynamic changes of estradiol and progesterone concentrations during in vitro oocyte maturation in cattle.

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Department of Animal Reproduction. Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University. Bülowsvej 13, DK-1870 Frederiksberg C, Denmark.


Two culture techniques, an open system using 1.0-ml medium and a covered system using 50-mul droplets of medium covered by paraffin oil, used for in vitro bovine follicular oocyte maturation were compared. Estradiol-17beta (E2) was added to Ham's F-10 medium together with other supplementations. In the absence of oocytes, E2 concentration remained unchanged in the 1.0-ml open system, but it decreased gradually in the 50-mul covered system. In the presence of oocytes, E2 increased significantly in the 1.0-ml open system, but this increase could not be detected in the 50-mul covered system. Progesterone (P4) concentration increased in both systems, but it was much higher in the 1.0-ml culture than in the 50-mul culture. The two culture systems allowed an identical nuclear oocyte maturation rate of 88.6 vs 87.0%, a sperm penetration rate of 54.3 vs 59.6%, and a polyspermy rate of 6.8 vs 11.6% for 1.0-ml and 50-mul systems, respectively. The cleavage rate, however, differed significantly (78.3 vs 41.7% for 1.0-ml and 50-mul systems, respectively). It is concluded that diffusion of steroids into the paraffin oil occurs and may affect the cleavage rate but not the maturation or penetration rate.


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