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Water Res. 2006 Jun;40(11):2230-6. Epub 2006 May 24.

Hydrogen and methane production from household solid waste in the two-stage fermentation process.

Author information

1
Institute of Environment and Resources DTU, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800, Lyngby Denmark.

Abstract

A two-stage process combined hydrogen and methane production from household solid waste was demonstrated working successfully. The yield of 43 mL H(2)/g volatile solid (VS) added was generated in the first hydrogen production stage and the methane production in the second stage was 500 mL CH(4)/g VS added. This figure was 21% higher than the methane yield from the one-stage process, which was run as control. Sparging of the hydrogen reactor with methane gas resulted in doubling of the hydrogen production. pH was observed as a key factor affecting fermentation pathway in hydrogen production stage. The optimum pH range for hydrogen production in this system was in the range from 5 to 5.5. The short hydraulic retention time (2 days) applied in the first stage was enough to separate acidogenesis from methanogenesis. No additional control for preventing methanogenesis in the first stage was necessary. Furthermore, this study also provided direct evidence in the dynamic fermentation process that, hydrogen production increase was reflected by acetate to butyrate ratio increase in liquid phase.

PMID:
16725172
DOI:
10.1016/j.watres.2006.03.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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