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Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2006 Jun;50(6):2137-45.

Genetic changes that correlate with reduced susceptibility to daptomycin in Staphylococcus aureus.

Author information

1
Cubist Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Lexington, MA 02421, USA. lisa.friedman@cubist.com

Abstract

Daptomycin is a lipopeptide antibiotic with potent activity against gram-positive bacteria. Complete-genome comparisons of laboratory-derived Staphylococcus aureus with decreased susceptibility to daptomycin and their susceptible parent were used to identify genes that contribute to reduced susceptibility to daptomycin. Selective pressure of growth in sublethal concentrations of daptomycin resulted in the accumulation of mutations over time correlating with incremental decreases in susceptibility. Single point mutations resulting in amino acid substitutions occurred in three distinct proteins: MprF, a lysylphosphatidylglycerol synthetase; YycG, a histidine kinase; and RpoB and RpoC, the beta and beta' subunits of RNA polymerase. Sequence analysis of mprF, yycF, yycG, rpoB, and rpoC in clinical isolates that showed treatment-emergent increases in daptomycin MICs revealed point mutations in mprF and a nucleotide insertion in yycG, suggesting a role for these genes in decreased susceptibility to daptomycin in the hospital setting.

PMID:
16723576
PMCID:
PMC1479123
DOI:
10.1128/AAC.00039-06
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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