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FEBS Lett. 1991 Feb 25;279(2):335-40.

Functional receptors for the insulinotropic hormone glucagon-like peptide-I(7-37) on a somatostatin secreting cell line.

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Laboratory of Molecular Endocrinology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston 02114.


Glucagon-like peptide-I(7-37) [(GLP-I(7-37)] is an intestinal peptide hormone that has potent insulinotropic activities in vivo in response to oral nutrients, in the isolated perfused pancreas, and in vitro in cultured B cells. GLP-I(7-37) receptor binding and GLP-I(7-37)-induced cAMP generation and hormone secretion was studied using cell lines producing insulin/B cell (beta TC-1), glucagon/A cell (INR1G9) and somatostatin/D cell (RIN 1027-B2). [125I]GLP-I(7-37) bound specifically to both B and D cells but not to A cells. GLP-I(7-37) induced cAMP-formation in B and D cells with a maximum response at 10 nmol/l (B cells) or at 100 nmol/l (D cells). Insulin secretion from perifused B cells was stimulated by GLP-I(7-37) (maximum at 10 nmol/l) and 10 nmol/l GLP-I(7-37) released somatostatin from perifused D cells. GLP-I(7-37) did not influence cAMP or glucagon secretion from A cells. These data indicate that pancreatic B and D cells, but not the A cells are influenced directly by GLP-I(7-37) via binding to specific receptors. Our findings support a model of physiologic regulation of insulin secretion whereby GLP-I(7-37) released from the intestine in response to oral nutrients potently stimulates insulin secretion via an endocrine mechanism that in turn may be dampened by a feed-back suppression by the release of somatostatin. In addition, suppression of the secretion of glucagon, a hormone whose actions are counter-regulatory to those of insulin, may occur by paracrine mechanisms involving GLP-I(7-37)-mediated stimulation of both insulin and somatostatin secretion.

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