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World J Gastroenterol. 2006 May 14;12(18):2955-7.

Autoimmune pancreatitis metachronously associated with retroperitoneal fibrosis with IgG4-positive plasma cell infiltration.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, Tokyo Metropolitan Komagome Hospital, 3-18-22 Honkomagome, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8677, Japan. kamisawa@cick.jp

Abstract

Retroperitoneal fibrosis is an uncommon disorder characterized by the formation of a dense plaque of fibrous tissue in the retroperitoneum, and its etiology remains unknown. Autoimmune pancreatitis is a rare type of chronic pancreatitis characterized by fibrosis with abundant infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells and lymphocytes and obliterative phlebitis in the pancreas. We present a case of autoimmune pancreatitis that developed 10 mo after the occurrence of retroperitoneal fibrosis. Histological findings of the resected retroperitoneal mass were marked periureteral fibrosis with abundant infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells and lymphocytes and obliterative phlebitis. These findings suggest a common pathophysiological mechanism for retroperitoneal fibrosis and autoimmune pancreatitis in this case. Some cases of retroperitoneal fibrosis might be a retroperitoneal lesion of IgG4-related sclerosing disease.

PMID:
16718827
PMCID:
PMC4087819
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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