Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Gen Physiol Biophys. 2006 Mar;25(1):25-41.

Changes in the expression and/or activation of regulatory proteins in rat hearts adapted to chronic hypoxia.

Author information

1
Institute for Heart Research, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravská cesta 9, Bratislava, Slovakia. usrdmost@savba.sk

Abstract

Chronic intermittent high altitude (IHA) hypoxia results in long-term adaptation protecting the heart against acute ischemia/reperfusion injury; however, molecular mechanisms of this phenomenon are not completely elucidated so far. The present study was aimed at investigation of a modulating effect of IHA hypoxia on the expression and/or activation of selected regulatory proteins, with particular emphasis on differential responses in the right ventricle (RV) and left ventricle (LV). Adult male Wistar rats were exposed to IHA hypoxia of 7000 m simulated in a hypobaric chamber (8 h/day, 25 exposures), and protein contents and activities in myocardial fractions were determined by Western blot analysis. In markedly hypertrophic RV of hypoxic rats, gelatinolytic activity of MMP-2 and protein levels of carbonic anhydrase IX (a marker of hypoxia) were significantly enhanced. Study of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) revealed no differences in the contents of total p38-MAPK in both ventricles between the IHA and normoxic control rats, whereas activation of p38-MAPK was decreased in the RV and moderately increased in the LV of IHA rats as compared to controls. Extracellular signal regulated kinase-2 (ERK-2) was partially up-regulated in the RV of IHA rats, and, in addition, expression of acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF), a potential activator of ERK cascade, was also significantly increased. In contrast, expression of ERKs in the LV as well as their activities in both ventricles, were not affected by IHA hypoxia. Differential effects of IHA hypoxia on c-Jun-N-terminal protein kinases (JNKs) in the RV and LV were also observed. As compared with the controls, total content of JNKs was increased in the RV of the IHA rats, while expression of JNKs in the LV was down-regulated. IHA hypoxia changed neither total levels of Akt kinase in both RV and LV, nor Akt kinase activity in the RV. However, increased levels of activated phospho-Akt kinase were found in the LV of IHA rats. The results demonstrate that adaptation of rat hearts to chronic IHA hypoxia is associated with disctinct changes in the levels and/or activation of several regulatory proteins in two ventricles. The latter could be attributed to both myocardial remodeling and cardioprotection induced by chronic hypoxia.

PMID:
16714773
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Institute of Molecular Physiology and Genetics, Slovak Academy of Sciences
Loading ...
Support Center