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Bioorg Med Chem. 2006 Sep 1;14(17):6065-74. Epub 2006 May 22.

QSAR analysis of antimicrobial and haemolytic effects of cyclic cationic antimicrobial peptides derived from protegrin-1.

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Cancer Research Institute, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava SK-83391, Slovakia.


In this paper we quantitatively analyse antimicrobial and haemolytic activities of porcine protegrin-1 (PG-1) mimetics-cyclic cationic peptides with beta-hairpin fold synthesised by Robinson et al. [Bioorg. Med. Chem.2005, 13, 2055]. The presented QSAR models, which use molecular properties related to possible mechanisms of cell membrane disruption that can be easily calculated from available data on amino acids, rationalize the relationships between sequences and antimicrobial and haemolytic potencies of the cyclic peptides. The best models obtained by application of genetic function approximation algorithm correlate antimicrobial potencies to the peptide's charge and amphipathicity index, while the haemolytic effect correlates well with the lipophilicity of residues forming the nonpolar face of the beta-hairpin. The models permit selection of site-directed residue substitutions leading to simultaneous optimization of antimicrobial and haemolytic potencies. Examples of such residue substitutions in the nonpolar face of a symmetric cyclic beta-hairpin PG-1 analogue with an ideal amphipathic structure are given.

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