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J Physiol Paris. 2006 Jun;99(4-6):281-92. Epub 2006 May 19.

Brain imaging tools in neurosciences.

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Division of Nuclear Medicine, Ghent University Hospital, De Pintelaan 185, 9000 Gent, Belgium.


In this chapter brain imaging tools in neurosciences are presented. These include a brief overview on single-photon emission tomography (SPET) and a detailed focus on positron emission tomography (PET) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). In addition, a critical discussion on the advantages and disadvantages of the three diagnostic systems is added. Furthermore, this article describes the image analysis tools from visual analysis over region-of-interest technique up to statistical parametric mapping, co-registration methods, and network analysis. It also compares the newly developed combined PET/CT scanner approach with established image fusion software approaches. There is rapid change: Better scanner qualities, new software packages and scanner concepts are on the road paved for an amply bright future in neurosciences.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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