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Pediatr Transplant. 2006 Jun;10(4):525-8.

Propylthiouracil-associated liver failure presenting as probable autoimmune hepatitis in a child with Graves' disease.

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Department of Pediatrics, UCSF, San Francisco, CA, USA.


This case describes a young girl with Graves' disease, who presented with fulminant hepatic failure 9 months into propylthiouracil (PTU) therapy. Her clinical presentation was consistent with 'probable autoimmune hepatitis,' as defined by the International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group scoring system. Despite discontinuation of PTU and high-dose steroid therapy, she required liver transplantation. Subsequent pathology could not definitively rule out autoimmune hepatitis. PTU is an important cause of drug-related liver failure in children, and clinicians should be mindful that it is frequently used in patients who already have an underlying risk of autoimmune liver disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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