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Am J Health Behav. 2006 May-Jun;30(3):322-33.

Is smoking related to body image satisfaction, stress, and self-esteem in young adults?

Author information

1
Nicotine Dependence Program, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. croghan.ivana@mayo.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To examine the association of smoking and gender with body image satisfaction, perceived stress, and self-esteem in young adults.

METHODS:

Respondents completed a survey consisting of Perceived Stress Scale, Body-Areas Satisfaction Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule. Current smokers (n = 483) and never smokers (n = 973) are included.

RESULTS:

Smoking and female gender were independently associated with higher perceived stress (P < 0.001). Female gender was associated with lower body image satisfaction and lower self-esteem (P < 0.001). Current smoking was associated with lower self-esteem (P = 0.007).

CONCLUSION:

Smoking treatment should include stress management and self-esteem and body image improvement.

PMID:
16712446
DOI:
10.5555/ajhb.2006.30.3.322
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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