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Phys Rev Lett. 2006 May 12;96(18):180602. Epub 2006 May 9.

Simple model for active nematics: quasi-long-range order and giant fluctuations.

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1
CEA -- Service de Physique de l'Etat Condensé, Centre d'Etudes de Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France.

Abstract

We propose a simple microscopic model for active nematic particles similar in spirit to the Vicsek model for self-propelled polar particles. In two dimensions, we show that this model exhibits a Kosterlitz-Thouless-like transition to quasi-long-range orientational order and that in this nonequilibrium context, the ordered phase is characterized by giant density fluctuations, in agreement with the predictions of Ramaswamy et al.

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