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J Chem Inf Model. 2006 May-Jun;46(3):1223-35.

Modeling the structural basis of human CCR5 chemokine receptor function: from homology model building and molecular dynamics validation to agonist and antagonist docking.

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Dipartimento Farmaco-Chimico, Università degli Studi di Bari, Via Orabona 4, 70125, Bari, Italy.


This article describes the construction and validation of a three-dimensional model of the human CCR5 receptor using a homology-based approach starting from the X-ray structure of the bovine rhodopsin receptor. The reliability of the model is assessed through molecular dynamics and docking simulations using both natural agonists and a synthetic antagonist. Some important structural and functional features of the receptor cavity and the extracellular loops are identified, in agreement with data available from site-directed mutagenesis. The results of this study help to explain the structural basis for the recognition, activation, and inhibition processes of CCR5 and may provide fresh insights for the design of HIV-1 entry blockers.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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