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Bone Marrow Transplant. 2006 Jun;37(11):997-1001.

Reduced-dose rasburicase (recombinant xanthine oxidase) in adult cancer patients with hyperuricemia.

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Pharmacy Department, Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Chicago, IL 60611, USA.


Recombinant urate oxidase (rasburicase) lowers uric acid levels rapidly to very low levels at the labeled dose of 0.15-0.2 mg/kg daily for 5 days. Our past experience showed that a lower dose (3 mg) lowered uric acid levels sufficiently in most patients. A retrospective review was conducted to determine the effect of a fixed 3 mg dose of rasburicase in 43 adult patients with cancer undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation or receiving chemotherapy who had elevated or rising uric acid levels (6.4-16.8 mg/dl; median 9.6). Six patients received a second dose of rasburicase (3 mg in four patients and 1.5 mg in two patients) 24 h later. Patients received allopurinol, adequate hydration, as well as other supportive therapy as required. Uric acid levels declined by 6-95% (median 43%) within the first 24 h after rasburicase administration, and levels at 48 h were 9-91% (median 65%) lower than the baseline levels. Serum creatinine changed by < or =10% in 21 patients, increased by >10% in four patients and decreased by >10% in 18 patients. No significant renal dysfunction developed in any of the patients. We conclude that rasburicase is effective in lowering uric acid levels at a fixed dose of 3 mg, which is much lower than the recommended dose.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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