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Emerg Infect Dis. 2006 Jun;12(6):931-6.

Norwalk virus-specific binding to oyster digestive tissues.

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1
Laboratoire de Microbiologie, Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer, Nantes, France. sleguyad@ifremer.fr

Abstract

The primary pathogens related to shellfish-borne gastroenteritis outbreaks are noroviruses. These viruses show persistence in oysters, which suggests an active mechanism of virus concentration. We investigated whether Norwalk virus or viruslike particles bind specifically to oyster tissues after bioaccumulation or addition to tissue sections. Since noroviruses attach to carbohydrates of the histo-blood group family, tests using immunohistochemical analysis were performed to evaluate specific binding of virus or viruslike particles to oyster tissues through these ligands. Viral particles bind specifically to digestive ducts (midgut, main and secondary ducts, and tubules) by carbohydrate structures with a terminal N-acetylgalactosamine residue in an alpha linkage (same binding site used for recognition of human histo-blood group antigens). These data show that the oyster can selectively concentrate a human pathogen and that conventional depuration will not eliminate noroviruses from oyster tissue.

PMID:
16707048
PMCID:
PMC2596755
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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