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Proteomics. 2006 Jun;6(12):3671-80.

Identification of phytochrome-interacting protein candidates in Arabidopsis thaliana by co-immunoprecipitation coupled with MALDI-TOF MS.

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Graduate School of Biotechnology and Plant Metabolism Research Center, Kyung Hee University, Suwon, Korea.


Phytochrome-interacting proteins have been extensively studied to elucidate light-signaling pathway in plants. However, most of these proteins have been identified by yeast two-hybrid screening using the C-terminal domain of phytochromes. We used co-immunoprecipitation followed by proteomic analysis in plant cell extracts in an attempt to screen for proteins interacting either directly or indirectly with native holophytochromes including the N-terminal domain as well as C-terminal domain. A total of 16 protein candidates were identified, and were selected from 2-DE experiments. Using MALDI-TOF MS analysis, 7 of these candidates were predicted to be putative phytochrome A-interacting proteins and the remaining ones to be phytochrome B-interacting proteins. Among these putative interacting proteins, protein phosphatase type 2C (PP2C) and a 66-kDa protein were strong candidates as novel phytochrome-interacting proteins, as knockout mutants for the genes encoding these two proteins had impaired light-signaling functions. A transgenic knockout Arabidopsis study showed that a 66-kDa protein candidate regulates hypocotyl elongation in a light-specific manner, and altered cotyledon development under white light during early developmental stages. The PP2C knockout plants also displayed light-specific changes in hypocotyl elongation. These results suggest that co-immunoprecipitation, followed by proteomic analysis, is a useful method for identifying novel interacting proteins and determining real protein-protein interactions in the cell.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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