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Int J Artif Organs. 2006 Apr;29(4):360-7.

Emerging Staphylococcus species as new pathogens in implant infections.

Author information

1
Institute of Medical Microbiology, University of Münster Hospital and Clinics, Münster, Germany.

Abstract

The vast use of prosthetic materials in medicine over the last decades has been accompanied by the appearance of new opportunistic pathogens previously considered incapable of causing infections with significant morbidity and/or mortality. In this regard, the genus Staphylococcus enlisting numerous species usually characterized by a saprophytic habit covers a special role. Apart from Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis, well known for their large prevalence in implant-related infections, a number of further staphylococcal species are progressively being indicated for their pathogenic potential. The increasing attention on these opportunistic bacteria is due to an ever growing number of clinical reports, which is also deriving from a more accurate identification of these species with currently available techniques. This synopsis intends to offer an overview on recently emerging coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) as well as coagulase-positive/-variable staphylococci exhibiting distinct traits of virulence, pathogenicity, and epidemiologic impact depending among others on the medical field, the type of prosthetic device and its anatomic location.

PMID:
16705604
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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