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Mol Cell Biol. 2006 Jun;26(11):4257-67.

Deletion of SERP1/RAMP4, a component of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) translocation sites, leads to ER stress.

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Department of Neuroanatomy, Kanazawa University, Graduate School of Medical Science, 13-1 Takara-Machi, Kanazawa City, Ishikawa 920-8640, Japan.


Stress-associated endoplasmic reticulum (ER) protein 1 (SERP1), also known as ribosome-associated membrane protein 4 (RAMP4), is a Sec61-associated polypeptide that is induced by ER stress. SERP1-/- mice, made by targeted gene disruption, demonstrated growth retardation, increased mortality, and impaired glucose tolerance. Consistent with high levels of SERP1 expression in pancreas, pancreatic islets from SERP1-/- mice failed to rapidly synthesize proinsulin in response to a glucose load. In addition, reduced size and enhanced ER stress were observed in the anterior pituitary of SERP1-/- mice, and growth hormone production was slowed in SERP1-/- pituitary after insulin stimulation. Experiments using pancreatic microsomes revealed aberrant association of ribosomes and the Sec61 complex and enhanced ER stress in SERP1-/- pancreas. In basal conditions, the Sec61 complex in SERP1-/- microsomes was more cofractionated with ribosomes, compared with SERP1+/+ counterparts, in high-salt conditions. In contrast, after glucose stimulation, the complex showed less cofractionation at an early phase (45 min) but more at a later phase (120 min). Although intracellular insulin/proinsulin levels were not significantly changed in both genotypes, these results suggest that subtle changes in translocation efficiency play an important role in the regulation of ER stress and rapid polypeptide synthesis.

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