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Genes Dev. 2006 Jun 1;20(11):1447-57. Epub 2006 May 16.

The locus control region is required for association of the murine beta-globin locus with engaged transcription factories during erythroid maturation.

Author information

1
Division of Basic Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, Washington 98109, USA.

Abstract

We have examined the relationship between nuclear localization and transcriptional activity of the endogenous murine beta-globin locus during erythroid differentiation. Murine fetal liver cells were separated into distinct erythroid maturation stages by fluorescence-activated cell sorting, and the nuclear position of the locus was determined at each stage. We find that the beta-globin locus progressively moves away from the nuclear periphery with increasing maturation. Contrary to the prevailing notion that the nuclear periphery is a repressive compartment in mammalian cells, beta(major)-globin expression begins at the nuclear periphery prior to relocalization. However, relocation of the locus to the nuclear interior with maturation is accompanied by an increase in beta(major)-globin transcription. The distribution of nuclear polymerase II (Pol II) foci also changes with erythroid differentiation: Transcription factories decrease in number and contract toward the nuclear interior. Moreover, both efficient relocalization of the beta-globin locus from the periphery and its association with hyperphosphorylated Pol II transcription factories require the locus control region (LCR). These results suggest that the LCR-dependent association of the beta-globin locus with transcriptionally engaged Pol II foci provides the driving force for relocalization of the locus toward the nuclear interior during erythroid maturation.

PMID:
16705039
PMCID:
PMC1475758
DOI:
10.1101/gad.1419506
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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