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Emerg Infect Dis. 2006 Apr;12(4):575-81.

Domestic ducks and H5N1 influenza epidemic, Thailand.

Author information

1
Kaselsart University, Nakorn Pathom, Thailand.

Abstract

In addition to causing 12 human deaths and 17 cases of human infection, the 2004 outbreak of H5N1 influenza virus in Thailand resulted in the death or slaughter of 60 million domestic fowl and the disruption of poultry production and trade. After domestic ducks were recognized as silent carriers of H5N1 influenza virus, government teams went into every village to cull flocks in which virus was detected; these team efforts markedly reduced H5N1 infection. Here we examine the pathobiology and epidemiology of H5N1 influenza virus in the 4 systems of duck raising used in Thailand in 2004. No influenza viruses were detected in ducks raised in "closed" houses with high biosecurity. However, H5N1 influenza virus was prevalent among ducks raised in "open" houses, free-ranging (grazing) ducks, and backyard ducks.

PMID:
16704804
PMCID:
PMC3294714
DOI:
10.3201/eid1204.051614
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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