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Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 May;10(5):536-41.

A case-control study of protection against tuberculosis by BCG revaccination in Recife, Brazil.

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Department of Mother and Child Health, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil.



Metropolitan region of Recife, Brazil.


To estimate the additional protection against tuberculosis (TB) provided by a second dose of bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine.


Case-control study. Cases were cases of TB newly diagnosed by the TB control programme, independent of clinical form. Three matched neighbourhood controls were selected using a systematic routine, starting from the case's address. The matching was within the age groups 7-9, 10-14 and 15-19 years.


Analysis was conducted among 169 cases and 477 controls. For the efficacy of BCG revaccination against TB overall, matched (crude) vaccine effectiveness (VE) was -3 (95% CI -50-29) and matched (adjusted) VE was 8 (95% CI -77-52).


This study suggests that a second dose of BCG does not offer additional protection. Revaccination should not be offered. As large numbers of subjects are already vaccinated and vaccine appears to offer some protection in older subjects, further studies with larger sample sizes could investigate the potential efficacy of revaccination with BCG in the age group > or = 15 years.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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