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Anaerobe. 2004 Jun;10(3):179-84.

Clostridium bartlettii sp. nov., isolated from human faeces.

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1
Research Service, VA Medical Center West Los Angeles, Bldg. 304, Room E3-227, 11301 Wilshire Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90073, USA. yulis1@yahoo.com

Abstract

Seven obligately anaerobic, Gram-positive, rod-shaped, spore-forming organisms isolated from human faecal specimens were characterized using phenotypic and molecular taxonomic methods. Strains of the unidentified bacterium used carbohydrates as fermentable substrates, producing acetic acid, isovaleric acid and phenylacetic acid (PAA) as the major products of glucose metabolism, and possessed a G +C content of approximately 29.8 mol%. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing showed that the 7 strains were genetically highly related to each other (displaying >99.5% sequence similarity) and represent a previously unknown sub-line within the Clostridium Cluster XI. The closest described species to the novel bacterium is Clostridium glycolicum, although a 16S rRNA sequence divergence of 4% demonstrates that they represent different species. Genomic DNA-DNA pairing studies confirmed the separateness of the unknown species and C. glycolicum (30.6% similarity between the proposed type strain of the novel species, WAL 16138, and C. glycolicum ATCC 14880(T)). Based on morphologic, phenotypic and phylogenetic evidence, it is therefore proposed that the unknown bacterium be classified as C. bartlettii sp. nov. The type strain of C. bartlettii is WAL 16138(T) (= ATCCBAA-827(T)=CCUG48940(T)).

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