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J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2006 May-Jun;35(3):340-8.

Motivational interviewing to promote sustained breastfeeding.

Author information

1
College of Nursing, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Scottsbluff, NE 69361, USA. slwilhel@unmc.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To explore the feasibility of using motivational interviewing to promote sustained breastfeeding by increasing a mother's intent to breastfeed for 6 months and increasing her breastfeeding self-efficacy.

DESIGN:

A longitudinal experimental two-group design with repeated measures was selected to explore the feasibility of using motivational interviewing to promote sustained breastfeeding in primiparous mothers.

SETTING:

Three Western rural community hospital sites.

PARTICIPANTS:

Convenience sample of 73 primiparous breastfeeding mothers ranging between the ages of 19 and 38, M = 25 (SD = 4.5).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Mothers reported the date of their last day of breastfeeding, defined as any breastfeeding during the previous 24-hour period. Breastfeeding behavior was confirmed at each visit by infant test weights.

RESULTS:

The motivational interviewing group (M = 98.1 days, SD = 75.2) breastfed longer than the comparison group (M= 80.7 days, SD = 71.9); however, this difference was not significant, t(69) = 0.991, p = .325, Cohen's d = 0.24, related to the variability in the sample.

CONCLUSIONS:

Although not a statistically significant difference, the mean number of days that mothers in the intervention group breastfed was 98 days compared to the mean of 81 days by the comparison group; therefore, motivational interviewing may be useful as a strategy to test in a comprehensive intervention plan.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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