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J Virol. 2006 Jun;80(11):5631-6.

Two surface-exposed elements of the B30.2/SPRY domain as potency determinants of N-tropic murine leukemia virus restriction by human TRIM5alpha.

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  • 1Department of Cancer Immunology and AIDS, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, 44 Binney Street, JFB 824, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

Abstract

Human TRIM5alpha (TRIM5alpha(hu)) potently restricts N-tropic (N-MLV), but not B-tropic, murine leukemia virus in a manner dependent upon residue 110 of the viral capsid. Rhesus monkey TRIM5alpha (TRIM5alpha(rh)) inhibits N-MLV only weakly. The study of human-monkey TRIM5alpha chimerae revealed that both the v1 and v3 variable regions of the B30.2/SPRY domain contain potency determinants for N-MLV restriction. These variable regions are predicted to be surface-exposed elements on one face of the B30.2 domain. Acidic residues in v3 complement basic residue 110 of the N-MLV capsid. The results support recognition of the retroviral capsid by the TRIM5alpha B30.2 domain.

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