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Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2006;38(9):1496-509. Epub 2006 Mar 28.

Cellular functions of TIP60.

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  • 1Northern Institute for Cancer Research, Paul O'Gorman Building, Medical School, Framlington Place, University of Newcastle Upon Tyne, Newcastle Upon Tyne NE2 4HH, United Kingdom.


TIP60 was originally identified as a cellular acetyltransferase protein that interacts with HIV-1 Tat. As a consequence, the role of TIP60 in transcriptional regulation has been investigated intensively. Recent data suggest that TIP60 has more divergent functions than originally thought and roles for TIP60 in many processes, such as cellular signalling, DNA damage repair, cell cycle and checkpoint control and apoptosis are emerging. TIP60 is a tightly regulated transcriptional coregulator, acting in a large multiprotein complex for a range of transcription factors including androgen receptor, Myc, STAT3, NF-kappaB, E2F1 and p53. This usually involves recruitment of TIP60 acetyltransferase activities to chromatin. Additionally, in response to DNA double strand breaks, TIP60 is recruited to DNA lesions where it participates both in the initial as well as the final stages of repair. Here, we describe how TIP60 is a multifunctional enzyme involved in multiple nuclear transactions.

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