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J Hosp Infect. 2006 Jul;63(3):316-22. Epub 2006 May 15.

In vitro antimicrobial activity of the novel polymeric guanidine Akacid plus.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine I, Division of Infectious Diseases and Chemotherapy, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.


The bactericidal and fungicidal activity of Akacid plus, a novel polymeric compound of the cationic family of disinfectants, was compared with chlorhexidine digluconate using quality control strains of Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus hirae, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans and Aspergillus niger. In vitro activity was determined using the quantitative suspension tests described by the European Committee for Standardization. These use concentrations of 0.01-0.5% against bacterial strains/C. albicans, with 0.5-4% against A. niger, and exposure times of 5, 15 and 60 min in the presence and absence of 0.3% bovine albumin and with dilution in distilled and hard water. In the basic quantitative suspension test, Akacid plus destroyed all bacterial pathogens at a concentration of 0.1% in < or =5 min. Chlorhexidine was also highly active against S. aureus, E. coli and P. aeruginosa, but failed to eliminate E. hirae within 5 min. A high organic load reduced the bactericidal activity of both disinfectants slightly. Akacid plus showed fungicidal activity against C. albicans within 15-60 min and eliminated A. niger at a concentration of 1% in 5 min of contact. Chlorhexidine was fungicidal against C. albicans, but not against A. niger.

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