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Gastroenterology. 2006 May;130(6):1858-64.

Diagnosis of gastric cancer by serum proteomic fingerprinting.

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Institute of Digestive Diseases of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region, The People's Republic of China.



Accurate serum biomarkers for gastric cancer currently are lacking. We attempted to identify potential diagnostic serum markers for gastric cancer with the use of the surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization ProteinChip technology.


The study was divided into 3 phases: (1) discovery of potential diagnostic markers using sera of gastric cancer patients and controls, (2) development of a diagnostic model, and (3) independent validation of the diagnostic model using a different cohort of gastric cancer and control patients. The serum proteins/peptides were analyzed with 2 types of ProteinChip arrays, IMAC30 arrays loaded with copper (II) ion and CM10 (weak cation exchange) arrays.


In the discovery set, peak intensities of 31 surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization proteomic features were significantly higher in gastric cancer patients. The tumor-specific nature of 6 proteomic features with the mass/charge (m/z) values of 5098, 8592, 8610, 11,468, 11,804, and 50,140 was verified by their lower peak intensities in postoperative sera. After excluding the sodium adduct peak (8610 m/z) of the 8592 m/z protein, the peak intensities of the tumor-specific proteomic features were used to develop a linear regression model for calculating a diagnostic index. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the corresponding diagnostic index was 0.92 (95% confidence interval, 0.85-0.99) in the independent validation set. At a specificity of 95%, the sensitivity for gastric cancer detection was 83%.


A unique serum proteomic fingerprint can be detected in the sera of gastric cancer patients, which may be useful in the noninvasive diagnosis of gastric cancer.

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