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Proteomics. 2006 Jun;6(12):3625-35.

Proteomic analysis of the eukaryotic parasite Encephalitozoon cuniculi (microsporidia): a reference map for proteins expressed in late sporogonial stages.

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  • 1Equipe Parasitologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, LBP, UMR CNRS 6023, Université Blaise Pascal, Aubière, France.


The microsporidian Encephalitozoon cuniculi is a unicellular obligate intracellular parasite considered as an emerging opportunistic human pathogen. The differentiation phase of its life cycle leads to the formation of stress-resistant spores. The E. cuniculi genome (2.9 Mbp) having been sequenced, we undertook a descriptive proteomic study of a spore-rich cell population isolated from culture supernatants. A combination of 2-DE and 2-DE-free techniques was applied to whole-cell protein extracts. Protein identification was performed using an automated MALDI-TOF-MS platform and a nanoLC-MS/MS instrument. A reference 2-DE map of about 350 major spots with multiple isoforms was obtained, and for the first time in microsporidia, a large set of unique proteins (177) including proteins with unknown function in a proportion of 25.6% was identified. The data are mainly discussed with reference to secretion and spore structural features, energy and carbohydrate metabolism, cell cycle control and parasite survival in the environment.

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