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Mamm Genome. 2006 May;17(5):375-84.

Chromosome 2 locus Nidd5 has a potent effect on adiposity in the TSOD mouse.

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Department of Molecular Medicine, Institute for Molecular and Cellular Regulation, Gunma University, 3-39-15 Showa-machi, Maebashi, Gunma 371-8512, Japan.


We previously reported a quantitative trait locus for body weight, non-insulin-dependent diabetes 5 (Nidd5), on Chromosome 2 in the TSOD (Tsumura, Suzuki, Obese Diabetes) mouse, a model of polygenic obese type 2 diabetes. To find the gene responsible for a specific component of the pathogenesis, we used a marker-assisted selection protocol to produce congenic strains. These mice are designed to carry a control BALB/cA-derived genomic interval and a TSOD background to look for loss of phenotype. One of the strains with the widest congenic interval, D2Mit297-D2Mit304, showed reductions in both body weight and adiposity compared with TSOD mice. The phenotypic analyses of other congenic strains further narrowed the locus in a 9.4-Mb interval between D2Mit433 and D2Mit91, around which numerous loci for body weight and adiposity have been mapped previously. Although the locus showed a relatively modest effect on body weight, it had a major influence on fat mass that explains approximately 60% of the difference in the adipose index between parental TSOD and BALB/cA mice. Furthermore, the congenic strain with a minimal BALB/cA-derived region showed significantly smaller cell sizes of white and brown adipocytes compared with the control littermates. However, the locus did not primarily affect food consumption, general activity, or rectal temperature after cold exposure, although there are clear differences in these traits between the parental strains. The present work physically delineates the major locus for adiposity in the TSOD mouse.

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