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Transfusion. 2006 May;46(5):841-8.

High-throughput molecular profiling of blood donors for minor red blood cell and platelet antigens.

Author information

1
McGill University and the Genome Quebec Innovation Center, Montréal, Québec, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

ABO and D phenotyping of both blood donors and patients receiving transfusions is routinely performed by blood banks to ensure compatibility. These analyses are performed by antibody-based agglutination assays. Blood is not tested for minor blood group antigens on a regular basis, however, because of cost and time constraints. This can result in alloimmunization of the patient against one to several minor antigens and may complicate future transfusions.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS:

To address this problem, an assay has been generated on the GenomeLab SNPstream genotyping system to test simultaneously polymorphisms linked to 22 different blood antigens with donor's DNA isolated from minute amounts of white blood cells.

RESULTS:

The results showed that both the error rate of the assay, as measured by the strand concordance rate, and the no-call rate were very low (0.1%). The concordance rate with the actual red blood cell (RBC) and platelet (PLT) serology data varied from 97 to 100 percent. Experimental or database errors as well as rare polymorphisms contributing to antigen conformation could explain the observed differences. These rates, however, are well above requirements because phenotyping and cross-matching will always be performed before transfusion.

CONCLUSION:

Molecular profiling of blood donors for minor RBC and PLT antigens will give blood banks instant access to many different matched donors through the setup of a centralized data storage system.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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